Water Filters: How Do They Work?

As humans, we can’t survive without water. That’s why so many people use water filters to help ensure that we get clean and pure water.

After all, nobody wants to drink water that has a distinct color, odor, or taste. When water is properly filtered, it should be perfectly clear, odorless, and have no taste. But how do these filters work? Let’s take a closer look below. 

Natural Water Filtration

Water is made up of tiny molecules that are really good at dissolving things. That’s why we use water when we wash our hands, clean our houses, and cook our food. When it comes to drinking water, this isn’t always a good thing. Water collects dirt, chemicals, and all sorts of contaminants on its way through the cycle.

Before you get too worried about what sorts of things are found in your water, let’s talk about nature’s water filtration system. Water goes through a natural filtration as it flows through the earth. Streams and rivers help remove unwanted particles from the water, and more filtration occurs as water passes through sand, small rocks, and limestone. 

Types of Water Filters

As great as the water cycle is at providing clean water, sometimes chemicals and contaminants still remain in our water. Several different types of water filters exist to help purify the water in your home. Here are some of the most common:

  • Carbon Filters – Water filters using activated carbon granules are the most common home filters today. The carbon in the filters comes from charcoal, which is extremely porous. This substance works to trap common impurities in water like a sponge. 
  • Reverse Osmosis – This type of filter is a way of pushing water through a very fine membrane-like filter that allows water molecules to pass through but leaves other particles behind. 
  • Distillation – You’ve probably heard of distilled water, or even seen it for sale in a grocery store. Distillation uses steam to produce clean water. Essentially, water is boiled and the steam is captured, then condensed and compressed into a different container to produce clean, distilled water. 
  • Ion Exchange – Water softeners often use ion exchange because of its ability to remove limescale from water. These filters split contaminant atoms apart into ions, and then trap the contaminated ions and exchange them for good, clean ions. 

Every home is different and some water filters will be better for your home than others. It’s important to talk with a water treatment professional to determine the best method of filtering your water to remove unwanted contaminants.

Clear Waters Flowing is Here

Many people don’t know where their water comes from or what contaminants it might include. Luckily, Clear Waters Flowing is here to help! Our whole home water filters can help ensure the water in your home is safe and healthy for your entire family. We serve clients in Salt Lake City, Utah and the surrounding areas. Contact us today to get started!